the feature is called "dhcp snooping" see https://support.hpe.com/hpesc/public/docDisplay?docId=emr_na-c01979055 the feature drops dhcp respoinses from non-trusted interfaces / or server IP.
it appears the HP allows a list of trusted servers by ip address - which is actually unusual, it is more normal to trust specific ports. You may have to use a combination of these.
You need to enable this on all switches, or those you suspect the rogue dhcp server is connected to. If you use vlans then enable it for the vlan. Set the uplink to core switch or uplink to the server as trusted. try adding the allowed server ip.